Benzene is formed from both natural processes and human activities. If you think your water supply may have benzene in it, drink bottled water until you are sure your water supply is safe. Public Health Fact Sheet page 1 Benzene: Health effects Benzene is released into the air from many sources including car exhaust, petrol, smoke from tobacco and bushfires and from industry. Benzene is known to be responsible for a number of health disorders, and is linked with various types of leukemia amongst other illnesses. Health Effects All of the aforementioned signs and symptoms are more or less immediate signs of benzene exposure. Ingestion of benzene can cause vomiting, tachycardia, ataxia, somnolence, loss of consciousness, delirium, chemical pneumonitis with initial excitatory symptoms followed … Benzene leaks from underground storage tanks or from hazardous waste sites containing benzene can contaminate well water. The leaflet tells you about the possible health effects, the . Benzene is widely used in the United States. Main Routes of Exposure: Inhalation. It is harmful to the eyes, skin, airway, nervous system, and lungs. Anything that touches the contaminated clothing should also be placed in the bag. The major effect of benzene from long-term exposure is on the blood. Main Routes of Exposure: Inhalation. Benzene causes harmful effects on the bone marrow and can cause a decrease in red blood cells, leading to anemia. The U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration sets airborne benzene exposure limits for workplaces. %PDF-1.5 %���� Microbes in soil can break down benzene. This puts people at risk for aplastic anemia and excessive Other health concerns include drowsiness, irregular heart rhythm, and loss of consciousness. However, benzene can also have long lasting health effects stemming from long-term exposure (a year or more) such as : A reduction in the number of red blood cells, causing anemia. Benzene is also used to make some types of lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents, drugs, and pesticides. Advances in understanding benzene health effects and susceptibility. Effects include fatigue, headache, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, loss of weight, and weakness. After you have washed yourself, place your clothing inside a plastic bag. Within the chemical industry, benzene uses are mainly to produce other chemicals. 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The level of exposure depends upon the dose, duration, and work being done The vast proportion of benzene is currently obtained from crude oil by processes known as ‘cracking’, ‘reforming’ or ‘disproportionation’. ATSDR’s Camp Lejeune studies of people exposed occupationally or environmentally to TCE, PCE, vinyl chloride and benzene. Individuals who have experienced benzene poisoning requiring treatment show a substantially Skin contact. It can also cause excessive bleeding and can affect the immune system, increasing the chance for infection. Health and Safety Executive Page 1 of 4 Introduction. Long-term exposure to high levels of benzene in the air can cause leukemia, cancer of the blood-forming organs. This puts people at risk for aplastic anemia and excessive bleeding. It is highly flammable and is formed from both natural processes and human activities. Skin contact. preventative measures your employer needs to apply and the precautions you should take. (1) Neurological symptoms of inhalation exposure to benzene include drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, and Neurological symptoms of inhalation exposure to benzene include drowsiness, dizziness, headaches, and unconsciousness in humans. If your eyes are burning or your vision is blurred, rinse your eyes with plain water for 10 to 15 minutes. Authors Sherilyn A , … Advances in understanding benzene health effects and susceptibility. The objective of this retrospective study was to evaluate the health consequences of benzene exposure in children following a flaring incident at … Author information: (1)Superfund Research Program, Division of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of California, Berkeley, California 94720-7356, USA. For example, small amounts of benzene, which are not harmful, can be found in fruit, fish or vegetables, according to the U.S. National Library of Medicine. That means 1 part benzene for every 1 million parts of air over the course of an 8-hour day. The vomit could be sucked into their lungs and damage their lungs. Eye contact. Because of its propensity to react with other elements in the air, it is most often quickly diffused within a few days of exposure and therefore it is virtually harmless. Seek medical attention right away. The most important thing is for victims to seek medical treatment as soon as possible. Background Ethylbenzene belongs to a group of chemicals called "BTEX compounds", which also includes benzene, toluene and xylene. ----- HEALTH EFFECTS OF BENZENE: A REVIEW SUMMARY Acute exposure to benzene produces toxic effects on the central nervous system; however, in order to evaluate the chronic effects, con The time required for expression of chronic benzene toxicity indicates a vast difference in individual sensitivity. The benzene in indoor air comes from products that contain benzene such as glues, paints, furniture wax, and detergents. Consuming foods or fluids contaminated with high levels of benzene can cause vomiting, stomach irritation, dizziness, sleepiness, convulsions, and rapid heart rate. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. @B�HL�������b``������ � �C% Human health effects from exposure to ethylbenzene are not well understood; however, adverse health outcomes have been exhibited in animal studies. It decreases red blood cells and damages bone marrow. When the local or state health department or emergency personnel arrive, tell them what you did with your clothes. If you are near a release of benzene, emergency coordinators may tell you to either evacuate the area or to “shelter in place” inside a building to avoid being exposed to the chemical. For example, it can cause bone marrow not to produce enough red blood cells, which can lead to anemia. Everyone is exposed to a small amount of benzene every day, most Inhaled benzene attacks the central nervous system, causing headache, dizziness and nausea. We do not know what human health effects might occur after long-term exposure to food and water contaminated with benzene. (Long-term exposure means exposure of a year or more.) Benzene Health Effects: Acute and Chronic - Clean Water . Benzene is considered a toxic and carcinogenic (cancer-causing) chemical that causes both acute and chronic health effects. Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. The long-term effects of chronic exposure to benzene can be seriously damaging and cause life-altering health conditions such as: 8 Cancer: Because benzene is known to cause genetic damage, it’s a well-established carcinogen. But they can only detect a recent exposure and cannot predict future health effects. Benzene works by causing cells not to work correctly. Moving to an area with fresh air is a good way to reduce the possibility of death from exposure to benzene in the air. What are the potential health effects of benzene? Outdoor air contains low levels of benzene from tobacco smoke, gas stations, motor vehicle exhaust, and industrial emissions. Benzene 2009--Health effects and mechanisms of bone marrow toxicity: implications for t-AML and the mode of action framework. Benzene health effects killing your immune system? It has a sweet odor and is highly flammable.
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