american holly tree facts

Holly can contain caffeic acid, caffeoyl derivatives, caffeoylshikimic acid, chlorogenic acid, feruloylquinic acid, quercetin, quinic acid, kaempferol, tannins, rutin, caffeine, and theobromine. English holly plants (Ilex aquifolium) are the quintessential hollies, short broadleaf evergreen trees with dense, dark-green glossy leaves.Females produce bright berries. © Gregory Adams/Getty When planted individually, this Holly Tree is likely to reach even taller heights, between 25 and 35 feet. While many species of birds and mammals eat the American holly’s berries, the bitter fruit is poisonous to humans. 5. Holly trees thrive in USDA Hardiness Zones 5 through 9, making this a tree that grows well throughout the majority of the United States. It is generally a slow-growing tree, reaching up to 50 feet in height (although dwarf, shrublike clones exist). Holly in the snow. American holly trees are dioecious, so be sure to plant a male tree as well as a female to ensure fruit production. A pyramid-shaped evergreen tree with spines on its foliage, American holly blooms in May or June (depending on where you live). The bark is gray-white in color and may be splotched or warty. Fallen holly leaves, pine bark, oak leaf mold, and evergreen needles make superb mulch top dressings over the root zone of hollies. The American holly was named Delaware’s official tree in 1939 when the state was the leading exporter of holly Christmas wreaths. USDA NRCS National Plant Data Center (NPDC). Men were presumed to be in charge if sharp, prickly leaves were on display. Select a location for American holly with partial to full sun. Desirable characteristics in holly cultivars include: annual bearing, large and bright colored fruits, good foliage, and dense habit. Selected by Theodore Klein from a plant growing in Cave Hill Cemetery in Louisville, Ky. Good all-around American holly for its conical shape, deep green leaves and red fruit display. Holly wood is ideal for taking dyes, and is used for much of the black and white inlaid lines in musical instruments and furniture. The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. If you are interested in growing English hollies or just want a few more English holly facts, read on. It was believed that planting hollies near buildings would provide protection from witchcraft and lightning. The Arbor Day Foundation splits the difference by referring to it as both an evergreen and an ornamental tree. The height of a full-grown holly tree varies depending on the species. If you are interested in growing English hollies or just want a few more English holly facts, read on. Leaves are alternate, simple, thick, leathery, elliptical, 1½ to 3 inches long; wavy-edged with large, sharp, spine-tipped teeth; upper surface dark green, dull, smooth; lower surface paler green, smooth to somewhat hairy. Botanically speaking, the fruit is the hard ‘stone’ at the centre, the exocarp is the red outer skin and the mesocarp is the fleshy orange layer in between. Maintain the mulch at a depth of 3 to 4 inches. It is an attractive tree even though it does not fruit. ©J.S. Often it is used in landscaping and for holiday decoration. Scattering coffee grounds twice a year over the usual mulch ensures the soil remains adequately acidic in pH. The species are evergreen or deciduous trees, shrubs, and climbers from tropics to temperate zones worldwide. The bark of it is smooth, and grayish to grayish-brown. Holly fruit appear late in the season, and whether due to the need to ripen or being a food of last resort, often last … Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. It is a small tree or shrub with striking evergreen foliage that's perfect for a privacy hedge. However, Nellie Stevens Hollies can also be planted as stand-alone trees. Site design : Academic Web Pages, ‘Goldie' - A yellow-fruited cultivar. This is one of the Jersey hollies introduced by Dr. E. Orton from Rutgers University. American holly trees are terrific landscape plants. Perhaps the most captivating belief about the American holly is the one that holds that the berries carry the power of fertility and that a young woman pining for a child could hurry nature's course by holding a handful of berries and saying an incantation. Adopted May 1, 1939, the American Holly (Ilex opaca Aiton) is regarded as one of Delaware's most important forest trees. Information Sheet – American Holly (Ilex opaca) American Holly (Ilex opaca) is a medium-sized, broad-leaved evergreen tree that typically grows 20 to 30 feet tall and occasionally up to nearly 100 feet tall. These are some of the most common and popular varieties of the holly tree, each with their unique characteristics, features and uses. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. Images for kids These trees are dark green, with foliage all year long. Information Sheet – American Holly (Ilex opaca) American Holly (Ilex opaca) is a medium-sized, broad-leaved evergreen tree that typically grows 20 to 30 feet tall and occasionally up to nearly 100 feet tall. English holly and American holly are used as ornamental Christmas greens. The delicate, radially symmetrical, white male flowers of American holly are arranged in small clusters at the leaf axils. Comments The male and female holly flowers grow on separate male or female plants. Select a location for American holly with partial to full sun. Peterson. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. Holly has both male and female trees, with females producing ornamental red berries that are a favorite food for birds. And they require minimal care, growing in a variety of climates and resisting mildew, disease and insects. The Flower Essence Society calls it a shrub with tree potential, though it's been known to reach 50 feet tall and 40 feet wide. We have listed them by scientific name because it is a constant and does not vary region to region or person to person. It is a deer-resistant tree. United States, DC, Washington, USDA ARS National Arboretum. American Holly Tree for Sale Online. Native specimens found throughout the Appalachian Mountains have been found to withstand temperatures of -10°F, while cultivated varieties have been naturalized in Ohio down to … These spirits apparently showed their gratitude by bestowing good luck and good health on their hosts – a superstition that many people subscribe to up to this day and manifest by placing dwarf holly trees at their front doors. American holly is a well known, dioecious shrub or tree that measures 90-300 cm. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. Flower: Species is dioecious; dull green-white, male flowers on 3 to 7 flowered cymes, female flowers are solitary with a pleasant odor, appearing in late spring. Usage Requirements. There are spineless and yellow-fruited forms of both species. The tree has dark, thorny-leaved foliage and red berries. Usage Requirements. American holly is a well known, dioecious shrub or tree that measures 90-300 cm. The tree has alternate leaves with spiny toothed and sometimes smooth margins. This plant has a number of other common names, including hummock holly, dune holly, and scrub holly. It also provides year-round cover and food for birds and mammals. And bright red berries pop against deep green foliage during winter, and creamy white … Other heavy-fruiting cultivars with good form include: ‘Amy,' ‘Cheerful,' ‘Merry Christmas,' ‘ Miss Helen,' ‘Old Heavy Berry,' ‘Parkton,' ‘Torchbearer,' and ‘William Paca.' And they require minimal care, growing in a variety of climates and resisting mildew, disease and insects. This tree has a light grey trunk and leaves that are a shiny deep green on top and a … This site was last updated on December 18, 2020. American Holly facts will also give you information about its foliage sheen and whether it is invasive or not. The holly tree (Ilex opaca) is an evergreen featuring bright-red fruits and small, greenish-white flowers. Welcome to the Holly tree A-Z list. You’ll also find some tips on English holly plant care. American Holly Trees can be trimmed as a foundation hedge or as a secure, tall privacy fence. Small, dull green-white, solitary flowers mature in late spring. They are similar in appearance with spiny-toothed leaves and an abundance of red berries. It grows in moist areas throughout the Chesapeake Bay watershed. American holly normally grows to heights of 15 to 30 feet tall, but records indicate mature heights of up to 100 feet. Comments The male and female holly flowers grow on separate male or female plants. The only difference between these two popular hollies is that the American Holly doesn’t grow as fast as the Nellie Stevens annually. The greatest diversity of species is found in the Americas and in Southeast Asia. in height. The American holly is also known as the Christmas holly, evergreen holly, prickly holly, white holly and Yule Holly. American Holly Trees can be trimmed as a foundation hedge or as a secure, tall privacy fence. You have to start somewhere, and this beguiling tree makes it easy to capture and keep your attention every step of the way. 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